17-point home buyer checklist so you don’t screw up your transaction.
If you have bought a house in the past or if you are on your way to buying your first home, I want to say congratulations. There are some very important rules that you should keep in mind while you are going through the process of buying a home. Here is your 17-point home buyer checklist so you don’t screw up your transaction.
1. Do Not Buy a Car
It is an exciting time to dream of living in your new home and driving that new car, but buying a car before you close on your home can end up killing both of those dreams. Until the lender has fully vetted your finances, making big purchases can disrupt your debt-to-income ratio and boot you out of qualification for your home loan. Wait until you close on your home to go shopping for that new car.
2. Do Not Buy New Furniture
It is tempting to start shopping for furniture for your new home as soon as you go under contract, but if you go out and spend too much money on things to put in your new home, you could run the risk of losing the house. Try to keep your spending in check until after closing day to avoid increasing your revolving debt.
3. Do Not Make Large Cash Deposits
The last thing you want is to make any large cash deposits into your bank account while the lenders are still trying to vet your financial stability. When you make a cash deposit, it raises questions and eyebrows for the lenders. If you have a large amount of cash that you need to put in the bank, try to make those deposits before you start your home search. Otherwise, contact your lender and ask them for advice.
4. Do Not Exaggerate Your Income
You do not want to mislead your lender when they ask about your income, your sources of income, or anything that might affect your ability to qualify for your mortgage loan. Be upfront and as honest as possible. No one likes a bad surprise at the end of the transaction. Be as forthcoming as you possibly can with all of your financial information so that your lender can go to work for you.
5. Do Not Apply for Credit
When your lenders are working on verifying your income, your debt-to-income (DTI) ratio, and your ability to repay your loan, they prefer to look at a snapshot of your financial situation. If you apply for additional credit, whether that is for a gas card, store credit, or a new Visa card, you are just throwing a wrench into their process, and you could throw your DTI off, which might disqualify you from the mortgage loan.
6. Save Enough Money for Closing
Make sure you are saving money for your closing costs. The worst-case scenario would be you get to the closing table, you are ready to sign your note, and get the keys to your new home, but you do not have enough cash to close. A good amount to save is around 10% of the purchase price of the home. Set that money aside and do not spend it.
7. Do Not Overextend Yourself
This may seem obvious, but do not get crazy with your credit cards. Remember, the lenders are evaluating your overall credit, so try to keep your debt to about 30% of your credit limit at all times, if not less. This goes back to your DTI. When you stretch yourself thin and your debt creeps higher than that 30% mark, lenders start to see trouble, and you could charge yourself right out of your contract to buy a house.
8. Do Not Co-sign for Anyone
It does not matter if it is your brother or sister, your aunt, your cousin, or your closest friend; do not co-sign anything when you are trying to qualify for a mortgage. When you co-sign for anything–from a rental application to a car note–you are putting yourself on the hook for anything that might go wrong, which could kill your dreams of home ownership in a flash. Anyone who needs your credit worthiness to get a new apartment will need to wait until you close on your home.
9. Do Not Get Behind on Your Payments
Qualifying for a home loan is no small thing, and it is typically a longer process than many people think. This is not the time to skip a payment on your existing car note or your light bill. Those payments keep your credit score up. If you miss any of these payments, it could quickly affect your credit score negatively, so keep those payments going.
10. Be Cautious When Consolidating Debt
It is tempting to want to clean up your debt through consolidation. When you first start working with a lender, they will coach you through any process you need to get into a better position to qualify for a mortgage, but do not go outside of their advice. Ask your lender about consolidation before you do anything with any outside company. Sometimes moves like consolidation can affect your credit score negatively, and that could set your time line back by months.
11. Do Not Change Careers
This is a big one, especially if you are moving to another area. You may need to change jobs, but do not change careers in the middle of buying a new home. The reason is when you change jobs within the same career field, you can count the last couple of years as income. You are making a lateral move, but when you change careers, it is like starting over. None of your previous income counts toward your new career, and that could really hurt your chances of getting into a new house.
12. Do Not Shift Around Your Finances
It may seem silly, but once your lender starts working on qualifying your finances for your loan, do not move things around. Keep your money right where it is until after closing. You do not want to appear to be hiding money or trying to throw underwriters off. Put it in its spot and do not mess with it until closing day.
13. Do Not Change Banks
This goes hand-in-hand with moving your money. Do not change banks in the middle of qualifying for a loan. Your lenders do not want to go searching for your money after they have started working on your loan. If you do not like your current bank, wait until after you have closed on your home to migrate to a different one.
14. Do Not Close Credit Cards
Closing a credit card can negatively impact your credit score. In essence, you are losing some of your credit ceiling when you close a credit card, which in turn upsets your DTI ratio. Anything that negatively impacts your credit score could cost you your dream home.
15. Do Not Increase Credit Limits
Yes, closing a credit card lowers your overall credit limit, which is bad, but opening a new credit card also has a negative impact on your credit. When you apply for credit cards or credit increases, your credit takes a hit. That negative impact could last for more than 30 days, which could keep you from getting your home loan.
16. Do Not Max Out Your Credit Cards
Just like peas and carrots, this tip goes along with not over-extending yourself. Do not overuse your credit cards. When you use your cards to the credit limit, you are eating into your DTI. Lenders do not like it when people max out their credit cards. It is a sign that their potential borrowers are not smart with their credit and could be an indicator of someone who could possibly default on their home loan. Keep your credit usage to a maximum of 30% of your credit limit and try to pay it off each month.
17. Do Not Open New Accounts
When you apply for any credit accounts, your credit score gets a hard inquiry. Those hard pulls stay on your credit for as long as two years and can keep you from qualifying for any loan, especially a home loan. Do not apply for any credit accounts, including small loans, credit cards, or store credit accounts. Avoid those hard pulls until after you have signed your closing documents, received your keys, and the loan is fully funded.
Congratulations on your decision to buy a home. I want to help. If you are in looking to buy a home in Arizona, I can help you first hand at helping you secure the house of your dreams. If you are buying in another state, please let me know as I have great real estate partners that are ready to help you find your home.